Notes to Part Four Chapter One
al-Bazzar and Abu Ya'la.
This took place during the Ridda [see note 8 below] war. Malik ibn Nuwayra
was one of those who refused to pay zakat.
 The great
mosque and early centre of Islamic learning located south of Tunis.
 The source
hadith is not known.
Allah"(May Allah kill him) or "qutila" (May he be killed) are
or defection of the Arab tribes after the death of the Prophet.
 A tribe
allied to the Aws. She was 'Usma bint Marwan.
expression meaning there will be no disagreement about the matter.
Dawud, al-Hakim and al-Bayhaqi.
the conquest of the fortresses of Syria. This was spoken by al-Jallas ibn
Suwayd who later repented of what he had said.
ibn Ubayy, known as the leader of the hypocrites in Madina.
Hanbal, al-Bukhari and Muslim, and an-Nasa'i from Anas.
'Umar in the story of Ubayy ibn Salul.
 A Jewish
enemy who was assassinated.
 A Jew
at Badr and put to death.
 A poet
who later wrote a famous poem for the Prophet.
poet who became Muslim when Makka was conquered.
Resolute Prophets are said to be five: Nuh, Ibrahim, Musa, 'Isa and Muhammad,
or those mentioned in
Suas 7 and 26 who are Nuh, Hud, SaIih, Sulayman,
Lut and Nuh, or the eighteen Prophets mentioned in Sura 6, or all
the Messengers except for Ayyub.
the Jews said, "Death be upon you."
only one person reported what the Jews had said.
Qadi 'Abdu'l-Wahhab al-Baghdadi al-Maliki.
what the Jew said.
al-Bukhari and elsewhere.
to Juwayriyya, the daughter of Abu Jahl, who had been offered in marriage
and al-Bukhari from 'Ali.
 A member
of the clan of the Prophet.
the time of the author, Qadi 'lyad.
chief qadi there at that time.
what he said about the Mu'tazilites in his Kitab ar-Ri'aya.
 A sect
originating in Khorasan who followed Jahm ibn Safwan. He said that the
Garden and the Fire were not eternal and that belief was gnosis, not affirmation.
He also believed in total predestination and that man was totally compelled
in all he did with no choice whatsoever.
that man creates his actions, which is the position of the Mu'tazilites
and the Qadariyya.
and aI-Bukhari from Jabir.
Jbn Hanbal, al-Bukhari, Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi from Jbn 'Umar.